Satish Kumar discusses how western science and philosophies have always considered humans to be at the top of the ecological pyramid, the masters of the earth.
Many ecologists consider the need to preserve our environment simply for the benefit of human beings. This is shallow ecology.
Deep ecology goes much further, and considers the value of the 8.4million species, and how they have as much right to be on the planet as humans. It recognises nature’s intrinsic value, not in their value to humans.